An elephant’s trunk comprises 6 muscle groups that are subdivided into 100,000 individual muscles, and the elephant shows considerable dexterity in applying this extensive power network. In India, law enforcement officers work with elephants to go illegally parked cars. The elephant wraps its trunk across the offending auto and moves it out from the way. On the other end of the spectrum, elephants have sufficient control over their power to be able grasp and lift a fresh egg with the trunk without breaking the shell. An elephants uses the fingerlike projections by the end of its trunk to scratch itchy skin behind its ears or even to wipe dust far from its eyes. A mother elephant guides her youngster using her trunk the way in which a shepherd uses a staff to corral sheep, nudging the infant gently underneath her body if she spots a predator, or pushing him combined with rest of the herd toward food or water. She also steers her child by grabbing its tail with her trunk and shifting to the best or left.
An elephant’s trunk also serves as a straw or perhaps a hose. An elephant fills its trunk with as much as 5 quarts of water and then empties it into its mouth to be able to drink. Elephants also cool off with mud baths, scooping wet soil from the river bottom and flinging it onto their hot skin. When an elephant goes swimming, it uses its trunk as a snorkel.
When elephants need certainly to communicate with others in the herd, both the trunk and the ears are accustomed to telegraph emotions. Raising the trunk indicates excitement or danger, making trumpeting sounds with the trunk is really a sign of joy (especially when followed by flapping ears), and sniffing an item followed by placing the end of the trunk within the mouth shows curiosity. Like cats, elephants exhibit the Flehmen response once they detect strange scents utilising the Jacobsons organ that is found in the roof of its mouth. Scents tell the elephant whose been prowling in its territory. When other elephants see a herd member by having an apparent sneer on its face, they know that something interesting has been discovered in the area.
Elephants use their ears as air conditioners. Elephants’ears include a network of blood vessels that expand during hot weather and allow body heat to escape. Cooled blood returns to the body, effectively bringing the elephant’s core temperature down. Elephants thrust out their ears when they should calm down, and often face toward the prevailing winds in order to gain the utmost cooling effect of the passing breezes.
The multitasking elephant listens having its feet as well as its ears. When an elephant speaks, it generates a low-pitched rumbling sound that is nearly inaudible but that sends vibrations through the earth. Other elephants have the message through their toes. These seismic messages can travel several miles, offering elephant herds the equivalent of telegraph.
And what allows the elephant to go silently over the Savannah? Elephants have a spongy layer of skin on their feet that is comparable to the sole of a great pair of sneakers. Like sneakers, this layer also acts as a questionnaire of shock absorber, allowing an animal weighing several tons to walk or run without jarring its joints.